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Carbon Emissions Took Off Like a 'Freight Train' in 2018

07 December 2018

Global carbon dioxide emissions from fossil fuels and industry have risen by more than 2 per cent in 2018 to reach new record highs, scientists have said.

The latest worrying CO2 forecast comes in a major scientific study released today by the Global Carbon Project which projects a 2.7 per cent rise in emissions this year, with an uncertainty range of between 1.8 per cent and 3.7 per cent.

A separate study found that Greenland's ice sheet was melting at its fastest rate for at least 350 years, which could lead to a rapid increase in sea levels.

India's carbon emissions are projected to rise as much as 6.3% in 2018, according to researchers at the University of East Anglia in the United Kingdom and the Global Carbon Project, an organisation that quantifies carbon emissions worldwide.

For the time being, the world appears to be settling into an average emissions growth rate of about 1 percent per year, Peters noted, although it varies from year to year.

This week and next, nations are meeting in Poland to negotiate a set of rules for the Paris climate agreement, which will govern how individual countries' pledges are reported and enforced.

Meanwhile, emissions in the USA - which accounts for 15 per cent of the global total - are also set to rise around 2.5 per cent in 2018, following several years in which Carbon dioxide has fallen thanks to an increased reliance on renewables and gas.

GM to slash jobs and production as USA sedan sales sink
In 2005, GM cut 3,750 jobs with the shutdown of the Oshawa No. 2 plant and the elimination of a shift at its other vehicle line. In the GM press release, Barra said the decisions were made to reflect consumer preferences and the changing market conditions.

The 2015 Paris climate treaty calls for capping global warming at "well below" two degrees Celsius (3.6 degrees Fahrenheit), a goal that scientists say could soon slip out of our grasp if planet-warming continues to climb. "We think that emissions are probably still going to go up for some years unless things change drastically". The past two years have seen slightly higher growth, and 2014 through 2016 saw less.

Fluctuations in global emissions over the last five or six years have tracked changes in coal consumption, the study revealed.

In 2017, China was the largest single emitter of carbon dioxide with 9839 million tonnes of the 36,153 total, according to the Global Carbon Project.

China's emissions accounted for 27% of the global total, and will likely show growth of 4.7% in 2018.

"Under pressure of the current economic downturn, some local governments might have loosened supervision on air pollution and carbon emissions, " said Yang Fuqiang, an energy adviser to the Natural Resources Defense Council, a U.S. environmental organization. "Fossil energy needs to be phased out and efforts to decarbonise need to be expanded throughout the economy".

Poland's Prime Minister Mateusz Morawiecki speaks at the United Nations' COP24 climate change conference in the southern Polish city of Katowice on Tuesday. The researchers said wind and solar energy are growing fast but from a low base.

Jens Mattias Clausen, Greenpeace's climate change adviser, said the report underlined the urgent need for action.

Carbon Emissions Took Off Like a 'Freight Train' in 2018