There's still quite a lot that needs to happen before the mission can be considered a success. The second phase will be characterized mainly by deploying and configuring special tools of research Rover and their subsequent use in the process of drilling and analysis of rocks.
The newest addition to the martian probe family is safely home.
According to CNN, the two NASA engineers started planning the handshake approximately six weeks ago, studying every detail of Goodwin's and Bourne's handshake and practicing them to make sure everything was flawless once the InSight spacecraft landed on the red planet.
Mars' well-preserved interior provides a snapshot of what Earth may have looked like following its formation 4.5 billion years ago, according to Banerdt. That is the objective of the new space Rover, which should also reveal many interesting points. The probe has now snapped the image of the deserted land as the dust thrown up by its arrival is still settling around the spacecraft. The temperature of the planet will be measured while another experiment will try to determine how Mars wobbles on its axis.
Nasa officials say it will take two to three months for the main instruments to be deployed and put into operation.
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But the United States has pulled off seven successful Mars landings in the past three decades.
The German Aerospace Center (DLR) provided a self-hammering mole that can burrow 16 feet (five meters) into the surface - further than any instrument before - to measure heat flow.
By doing this the HFPPP will be able to give unique data about the planet's interior and how it evolved through time. This in turn will be incorporated into humanity's more general knowledge of how rocky worlds form, from Earth and the Moon to exoplanets such as those in the Trappist-1 system. One celebration by two engineers, ID'd as Brooke and Gene, celebrated in a manner that was worthy of National Football League players after a touchdown.
This time is called the "seven minutes of terror" - when the spacecraft enters Mars' atmosphere and a ton of small steps and events have to go 100 percent correctly in order to have a successful touchdown.
Normally, this relaying is done using the already existing spacecraft such as NASA's Mars Odyssey and Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter or the European Space Agency's Mars Express.
Though it will be weeks before InSight returns its first measurements of the Martian depths, Monday's landing marks a scientific transformation, observes Marina Koren in The Atlantic: "Geology-the most earthly of all sciences-is about to become interplanetary".
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