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Bolsonaro, Haddad head for run-off in Brazilian presidential election

11 October 2018

The Workers' Party's Fernando Haddad will face far-right candidate Jair Bolsonaro in the October 28 runoff to decide who will be Brazil's next president.

Shortly after 7:30 p.m., with 96 percent of votes tallied, Bolsonaro had just under 47 percent of the vote; Haddad trailed him with 28 percent.

The last surveys released on Saturday credited him with 36% against 22% for his nearest rival, leftist former Sao Paulo mayor Fernando Haddad.

Haddad is followed by Ciro Gomes of the Democratic Labour Party, Geraldo Alckmin (Brazilian Social Democracy Party) and Marina Silva (Sustainability Network).

With 79 percent of returns in, far-right candidate Jair Bolsonaro is leading presidential race with 49 percent of votes.

With less than a month to go before election day, the Workers Party chose Fernando Haddad, education minister under Lula, to replace Lula on the ticket. The two overseas cities with most Brazilian registered voters are Boston, 35.000 and Miami, 34.000.

"We've had enough of corruption". The scheme was further shown to be an integral part of the so-called "national champions" policy of favoring nationally owned industrial, infrastructure and agribusiness monopolies in the national and worldwide markets, whose expansion was made possible by the late 2000s commodity boom.

Brazilians are also angry about the recession that began under Lula's successor, Dilma Rousseff, and continued after she was impeached on trumped-up charges in 2016. A quarter of the voters are in the less developed northeast, traditionally a PT stronghold. He needed over 50 per cent support to win outright.

In that heated environment, Bolsonaro took 46% of the vote by campaigning as the "tough guy" anti-communist "outsider" who will clean up crime and corruption, which he equates with the working-class- and poor-based PT party.

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Former Brazilian President Dilma Rousseff has told reporters that "any candidacy that compromises democracy in Brazil is extremely risky".

For the past thirty years, Congressman Jair Bolsonaro was a fringe extremist in Brazilian politics, known mostly for outlandish, deliberately inflammatory quotes in which he paid homage to the most notorious torturers of the 1964-1985 military regime, constantly heralded the 1964 coup as a "defense of democracy", told a female socialist colleague in Congress that she was too ugly to "deserve" his rape, announced that he'd rather learn that his son died in a vehicle accident than was gay, and said he conceived a daughter after having four sons only due to a "moment of weakness".

Barbara Aires, a transgender woman who unsuccessfully ran for Rio de Janeiro state representative, said Bolsonaro's first-round victory represented a "step backward" that could lead to "taking back rights and more violence toward the LGBT community".

In 1999, he stated his desire for "an audience" with then-Venezuelan President Hugo Chávez, declaring him "a hope for Latin America", and stating that neither he nor Chávez were "anti-communist".

Bolsonaro is on course to become president; his success will be secured if he tones down his authoritarian speech and seek consensus with other political forces, but there are concerns about his commitment to fiscal reforms and privatisation.

Meanwhile, federal police say they have taken at least 40 people into custody for allegedly committing electoral crimes.

This was making good on Bolsonaro's campaign pledge to end a system of horse-trading between party leaders and seek support instead from individual lawmakers, Lorenzoni said. The Bolsonaro government plan is remarkably vague, with few detailed proposals and single-word bullet points containing buzzwords such as "diversification". While the business community has largely coalesced around Bolsonaro because of these proposals, detractors have noted that as a congressman he often voted and espoused views that were the exact opposite. He underwent two emergency surgeries and it is not clear how much campaigning he will be able to do if the vote heads into a runoff.

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Bolsonaro, Haddad head for run-off in Brazilian presidential election