A USA deployment and a Russian-brokered deal with Syrian forces created buffer zones that headed off any Turkish drive against the Kurdish forces - seen by Washington as key allies against Islamic State, though Turkey views them as terrorists - who now hold the town.
In a deal said brokered by Russia, Syrian President Bashar Assad's forces have taken over frontline positions from a US -backed militia in northern Syria.
Officials at the summit, held in the Turkish coastal town of Antalya, characterized the meeting as an effort to ensure forces from all three countries operating in northern Syria stay out of each other's way - a sign of swirling cross-currents and a bewildering roster of players in the Syrian conflict.
Antalya has previously hosted several North Atlantic Treaty Organisation meetings, as well as the G20 summit in 2015.
Regional security, notably in northern Syria, is top of the agenda.
The Kurdish fighters have seized considerable territory from the Takfiri terrorist group Daesh in Syria and have majorly contributed to counterterrorism operations in Iraq.
Prime Minister Binali Yildirim described it as "unfortunate" that their allies were choosing to ally with the Kurdish YPG against ISIS.
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Since the summer, Russian Federation has relaxed the sanctions imposed on Turkey in response to the jet incident and the countries have worked together to bring a cease-fire and political solution to the conflict in Syria.
More recently, we have provided a range of social services and other emergency assistance in Turkey, reaching about 100,000 Syrian and Turkish men, women and children in 2016 alone.
The villages west of Manbij have been a focus of fighting between Turkish-backed rebels opposed to the Syrian government and the Manbij Military Council, which includes the powerful Kurdish YPG group.
Turkey has admitted more than 3 million refugees fleeing violence in Syria, and towns and cities along its southern border have been a hub for sending humanitarian supplies into the war-torn country.
The forces of the regime of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad, backed by Russian airpower and some ground elements, have now moved to the western outskirts of Manbij amid reports that the Manbij Military Council has agreed to cede several outlying villages to them.
Turkey's military announced the meeting in a brief statement.
Bilateral ties as well as regional and global issues particularly Syria will be discussed, it added.
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